Thailand, a significant player in the global export market, has a highly digitized and efficient import/export system, known as the e-Customs system. This system provides a one-stop service for all stakeholders in cross-border trade, making the process of exporting goods from Thailand much smoother.
To obtain an export license in Thailand, companies must provide documentation including the commercial invoice, packing list, and bill of lading. Certain goods may require additional permits or certifications, such as health or safety certifications, depending on the type of goods being exported.
The export process involves several steps. First, you need to register to use the e-Customs system. Review the goods you plan to export as some goods categories require an export permit. Once you’ve reviewed the goods and obtained any necessary permits, you can submit an Export Declaration, along with an invoice and cargo data to the e-Customs system.
Not all goods require a duty to be paid. For dutiable goods, payment can be made at the Customs Department of the port of entry or via the e-Payment section of the e-Customs system.
Finally, the freight forwarder should send a cargo control report to the e-Customs system, which will automatically generate a report and alert the customs officials if the goods are green or red line. Green line goods are clear to proceed, while red line goods require a physical inspection and extra document checks before they can be cleared.
In conclusion, while the process may seem complex, understanding the requirements and procedures can make the process of exporting goods from Thailand much smoother. It’s crucial to stay updated with the most recent regulations to ensure the smooth running of operations.
Here is a summary of the export paperwork requirements out of Thailand:
- Export Declaration: The first stage of export clearance procedures is to file an Export Declaration (Customs Form No. 101 or No. 101/1) either manually or through the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) system
- Supporting Documents: These include an invoice, packing list, Foreign Transaction Form if the FOB value exceeds Baht 500,000, Export License (if applicable), and other relevant documents (if applicable)
- Declaration and Document Check: The Declaration and all supporting documents are submitted for examination by Customs at the point of export. Customs officials check whether the Declaration is properly made out, and the required supporting documents are attached
- Export Duties and Taxes: If applicable, these must be paid
- Inspection and Release of Cargo: The last stage involves the inspection and final release of cargo from Customs custody. The exporters submit the verified Declaration together with the payment receipt (if any) at appropriate warehouses. Customs inspectors then inspect the exported cargo against the Declaration made
- e-Customs System Registration: Companies engaging in importing and exporting goods from Thailand need to register on the e-Customs system. This system provides a one-stop service for all stakeholders in cross-border trade.
- Digital Certificate: For registering in the e-Customs system, the company or the trader should have a ‘digital certificate’. The digital certificate is an electronic signature file used to affirm the identity and genuineness of the sender of electronic documents.